Atualizado: Mai 2
Being actively connected to the feminist movement is not always an easy task. In fact most of them are very complicated. We see it despite of violence and inequality at ext
reme levels and everywhere. Many aspects of everyday life are linked to a woman's role and their placement as a subject before the feminist movement. When we look at the universe of books it’s not different. When faced with a pleasure activity that is reading for many people, we don’t turn off our thermometer of feminism. Once inserted in this conjuncture we start to question all the time and this is extremely necessary.
As a librarian and a reader I look to this world of books also in a questioning way not only when is about narratives but also for those who wrote the book. As in different areas of our society the inequality of women related to men is wide open and, unfortunately, in literary circles it is no different. Just think of the great classic names of male authors who are exalted in history; how many female authors are on the vestibular list ?; or even how many female writers are in your literary repertoire?
The silencing of female writers' voices is yet another a gender violence perpetuated on a thread initiated by many people who use pseudonyms throughout history or even cases in which the husband or some male person assumes the author's name to obtain the act of publication. To bring an example: in more than 120 years since the creation of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, only 8 chairs have been selected for women who have had a total of 253 members until today (LORD, 2018).
The rise of feminism in today's social contexts brings us these discussions and questions and a movement to change this reality, even if it is gradually we cannot stop fighting for these spaces and we need to create visibility for women authors and more, black women authors (it is necessary to mark this point, but I cannot exceed the limits of my place of speech in this moment).
In this sense, several initiatives are being created to give voice to the writers in a movement of justice for literary inequalities. To name a few: in 2015 we created the Read Women book club present in many countries; also the project #KDMulheres (“Where are women”) with the point of drawing attention to the lack of visibility of women in the field of literature (RATTI; AZZELLINI, 2017).
The move towards a change of unequal reality is very important, but it does not happen alone not even without the daily questions of our common life. It is undeniable the inferiority and inequality of women in the current situation, so every moment of deconstruction is a victory and a step towards a less violent society against women.
I leave here an incentive for those who wants to read more: read more women and questioning about the role of women that is imposed to us. A nice tip for readers: there is a test called "Bechdel's test", developed by the author Alison Bechdel, which analyzes the genres of fiction in which there are at least two female characters in the narrative; if these characters talk to each other; and these characters speak about something that is not about a man (MAGALDI; MACHADO, 2016). Apply this test and check how many books, films and other cultural genres go through it, it's surprising!
LORD, Lúcio José Dutra. Gender inequality and Brazilian literature: a look from Sociology. Revista Entrelaces, v. 1, n. 14, oct-dec, 2018.
MAGALDI, Carolina Alves. MACHADO, Carla Silva. The tests that deal with gender representativeness in cinema and literature: a didactic proposal to think the feminine in narratives. Textura, v. 18 n.36, jan-apr, 2016.
RATTI, Claudia.; AZZELLINI, Érica. Questão de gênero na literatura. 2017. Disponível em: < https://www.huffpostbrasil.com/claudia-ratti/questao-de-genero-na-literatura_b_7787974.html>. Acesso em: 20 apr 2020.
Librarian, English Teacher and Feminist master student with project in favor of the end of violence against women.